The 17th Freiberg Short Course in Economic Geology focuses on Fe and Mn Ore Deposits. Major Fe and Mn deposits in South Africa, Australia, India and Europe will be presented by leading experts.Occurrence, characteristics, genesis and economic aspects of Fe and Mn deposits will be discussed.
1.) Introduction - Iron and manganese ore deposits (Guztmer)2.) Iron Formations: Their occurrence, characteristics and deposition (Smith)3.) BIF-hosted iron ores: Introduction (Beukes)4.) BIF-hosted iron ores: Australia and Brazil (Angerer)5.) BIF-hosted iron ores: Africa (Smith/Beukes)6.) BIF-hosted iron ores: India (Beukes)7.) Understanding and explore for BIF-hosted iron ore: A Mineral Systems Framework (Angerer)8.) Lahn-Dill-type iron ore deposits (Schmitt)9.) Other iron ore deposit types (Gutzmer)10.) BIF vs. MnF (Beukes/Gutzmer)11.) Manganese deposits of Africa (Beukes/Gutzmer)12.) The Kalahari Manganese Field (Beukes/Gutzmer)
The course will be done classroom style.
Students, scientists, industry, government, interested geologists
Academic education and career
As the "new" Economic Geologist at the University of Innsbruck I am aiming for the continuation of the department’s grand tradition of mineral deposit studies by developing an internationally active research programme. During my previous postdoctoral appointments at the Centre for Exploration Targeting (University of Western Australia) I have applied my undergrad and postgrad structural geology and alteration geochemistry background to magmatic, hydrothermal and supergene ore deposit and mineral system studies. I am interested in the genesis of banded iron formation hosted iron ore deposit systems, such as the Paleoproterozoic Hamersley Province (AUS) and the Neoproterozoic Urucum district (BRA). I am also interested in the Carboniferous Au-Cu-system in the Andes studying their metal fertility by means of geochronology, geochemistry, and Hf-O isotope systems. Being here in the middle of the Alps, my research will also be revolving around the fascinating alpine mineral deposits, which, when studied by modern microanalytical methods, can reveal new insights to the formation and deformation processes of hydrothermal ore systems. Also, alpine mineral system research will strongly support the archaeological projects of the University with establishing proveniences of metallic artefacts.
Mentoring and training
Grants, Awards, Memberships
Prof Nicolas Beukes is an established researcher, whose career has been outstanding in relation to scholarship and global collaboration. Not only does he have international standing, but his local work and scholarship in South Africa has led to his status of being one of the global leaders in Earth Science and thereby projects UJ, his academic home, in the same way.
From a research standpoint, Prof Beukes has successfully supervised and/or co-supervised 52 MSc students; successfully supervised and/or cosupervised 18 PhD students; supervised 8 postdoctoral researchers; authored/co-authored 175 peer-reviewed research articles; co-authored three books and authored/co-authored 269 conference abstracts/proceedings.
An A-rated scholar, he has maintained a consistently high field-weighted citation index, internationally recognized research output in scholarly journals, and has an outstanding H index.
The net effect of his highly productive research career spanning more than 45 years is that it has garnered him both national and international standing, as evidenced by his collaborators who are based in countries such as the USA, Brazil, India, Japan, Germany, Canada and Australia.
In South Africa:
He is a member/fellow of eight professional scientific societies, has been Associate Editor of the local South African Journal of Geology and two of the ranked international journals, Precambrian Research and the Journal of Sedimentary Research.
Even now, in his post-retirement years at UJ and at the age of 70, Prof Nic Beukes continues to represent UJ in some of the most prestigious and influential earth science departments in the USA, Europe and the southern hemisphere. He is more active now than he was 10 years ago and is currently (2015) still supervising and cosupervising 10 post-graduate students and one post-doc, this in addition to acting as Director of CIMERA. He is an admirable recipient of the Vice-Chancellor’s Distinguished Awards: Outstanding Researcher of the Year.
Jens Gutzmer is the founding director of the Helmholtz Institute Freiberg for Resource Technology. He is a visiting professor at the Paleoproterozoic Mineralization Research Group (PPM) in the Department of Geology, University of Johannesburg, South Africa.
Jens Gutzmer was born on 3 August, 1969 in Damme, Lower Saxony (Germany). He received his 'Diplom' in Mineralogy from the Technical University of Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Germany) in 1993, followed by a PhD in Geology from the Rand Afrikaans University (South Africa) in 1996. Mineralogy and geochemistry of the ores of the Kalahari and Postmasburg Manganese Fields in South Africa were the focus of his postgraduate research. He was a postdoc and lecturer at the Department of Geology, Rand Afrikaans University from 1996 to 1999 where he co-founded the Paleoproterozoic Mineralization Research Group (PPM Group) together with Nic Beukes. From October 1999 he spent 12 months as assistant professor with Harald Strauss at the Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, after which he accepted an appointment as associated professor at the Rand Afrikaans University (South Africa). He was appointed full professor of geology at the University of Johannesburg in January, 2005, and was awarded a South African Research Chair in Geometallurgy in January, 2008. In July, 2008, he was appointed as full professor at the TU Bergakademie Freiberg.
Jens Gutzmer is recipient of the President Award of the National Research Foundation of South Africa (1999), the Waldemar E. Lindgren Award of the Society of Economic Geologists (2002) and the TWAS Award of the Academy of Sciences of South Africa (2007). He was awarded a Mercator Professorship to the Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster in 2003-2004. He is an elected fellow of the Society of Economic Geology and the Geological Society of South Africa, and member of the Society of Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits, the International Association on the Genesis of Ore Deposits, and the Deutsche Mineralogische Gesellschaft. Currently, he serves on the editorial boards of the South African Journal of Geology and of Geochemistry. Since 2013 Jens Gutzmer is member of the Steering Committee within the European Rare Earths Competency Network (ERECON). He is also a member of the Advisory Board of Rock Tech Lithium Inc.
Bertus Smith is currently specializing in Economic Geology with a focus on sedimentary iron and manganese deposits. Other research interests include Archaean and Palaeoproterozoic sedimentary successions and Geometallurgy, which is the quantification of the variability of ore deposits in terms of processing behaviour (blasting, crushing, milling, liberation and recovery). He is also affiliated with the DST-NRF Centre of Excellence for Integrated Mineral and Energy Resource Analysis (CIMERA) as well as the PPM Research Group, both based at the Department of Geology at the University of Johannesburg. He completed his PhD in Geology at UJ in 2014, which focused on Geometallurgy of the Merensky Reef at Bafokeng Rasimone Platinum Mine. He completed his MSc in 2007 on the banded iron formations and iron-rich mudstones of the Witwatersrand and Pongola Supergroups at UJ, for which he received the Chancellors Medal for most meritorious MSc thesis in the Faculty of Science, as well as the Corstorphine Medal and Johan Handley Prize from the Geological Society of South Africa. He also received the award for best student speaker at the Society for Economic Geology Student Geocongress for a presentation on his MSc work in 2008.
Economic Geology; Precambrian banded iron formations; Archaean and Palaeoproterozoic sedimentary geology; Geometallurgy; process mineralogy.
Economic GeologyApplied Mineralogy
Smith, A.J.B. (2018). The Iron Formations of Southern Africa. In: Siegesmund, S., Basei, M.A.S., Oyhantçabal, P. and Oriolo, S. (eds), Geology of Southwest Gondwana, Springer, Cham, pp. 469-491. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-68920-3_17
Albut, G., Babechuk, M.G., Kleinhanns, I.C., Benger, M., Beukes, N.J., Steinhilber, B., Smith, A.J.B., Kruger, S.J. and Schoenberg, R. (2018). Modern rather than Mesoarchaean oxidative weathering responsible for the heavy stable Cr isotopic signatures of the 2.95 Ga old Ijzermijn iron formation (South Africa). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 228, 157-189. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2018.02.034
Smith, A.J.B., Beukes, N.J., Gutzmer, J., Czaja, A.D., Johnson, C.M. and Nhleko, N. (2017). Oncoidal granular iron formation in the Mesoarchaean Pongola Supergroup, southern Africa: Textural and geochemical evidence for biological activity during iron deposition. Geobiology, 15, 731-749. https://doi.org/10.1111/gbi.12248
Smith, A.J.B., Henry, G. and Frost-Killian, S. (2016). A review of the Birimian Supergroup- and Tarkwaian Group-hosted gold deposits of Ghana. Episodes, 39, 177-197. https://doi.org/10.18814/epiiugs/2016/v39i2/95775
Smith, A.J.B. and Beukes, N.J. (2016). Palaeoproterozoic banded iron formation-hosted high-grade hematite iron ore deposits of the Transvaal Supergroup, South Africa. Episodes, 39, 269-284. https://doi.org/10.18814/epiiugs/2016/v39i2/95778
Smith, A.J.B. (2015). The life and times of banded iron formations. Geology, 43, 1111-1112. https://doi.org/10.1130/focus122015.1
Viehmann, S., Bau, M., Smith, A.J.B., Beukes, N.J., Dantas, E.L. and Bühn, B. (2015). The reliability of ~2.9 Ga old Witwatersrand banded iron formation (South Africa) as archives for Mesoarchean seawater: Evidence from REE and Nd isotope systematics. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 111, 322-334. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2015.08.013
Planavsky, N.J., Asael, D., Hofmann, A., Reinhard, C.T., Lalonde, S.V., Knudsen, A., Wang, X., Ossa Ossa, F., Pecoits, E., Smith, A.J.B., Beukes, N.J., Bekker, A., Johnson, T.M., Konhauser, K.O., Lyons, T.W. and Rouxel, O.J. (2014). Evidence for oxygenic photosynthesis half a billion years before the Great Oxidation Event. Nature Geoscience, 7, 283-286. https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2122
Smith, A.J.B., Viljoen, K.S., Schouwstra, R., Roberts, J., Schalkwyk, C. and Gutzmer, J. (2013). Geological variations in the Merensky Reef at Bafokeng Rasimone Platinum Mine and its influence on flotation performance. Minerals Engineering, 52, 155-168. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mineng.2013.05.015
Smith, A.J.B., Beukes, N.J. and Gutzmer, J. (2013). The Composition and Depositional Environments of Mesoarchean Iron Formations of the West Rand Group of the Witwatersrand Supergroup, South Africa. Economic Geology, 108, 111-134. https://doi.org/10.2113/econgeo.108.1.111
Smith, A.J.B., Beukes, N.J. and Gutzmer, J. (2010). Lithostratigraphic correlation of the iron-rich sedimentary rocks in the Archean Witwatersrand-Mozaan succession: Implications for early depositional environments on Earth. South African journal for Science and Technology, 29(3), 161-163.
Smith, A.J.B., Gutzmer, J, Beukes, N J, Reinke, C and Bau, M, 2008. Rare Earth Elements (REE) in Banded Iron Formations – Link Between Geochemistry and Mineralogy, in Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Proceedings, pp 651-658 (Australian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy: Carlton).
Smith, A.J.B., Beukes, N.J. and Gutzmer (2013). Geomicrobiological activity in the Mesoarchean Witwatersrand-Mozaan Succession: Evidence from iron formations and shales. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(5), 2224.
Smith, A.J.B., Beukes, N.J., Gutzmer, J., Johnson, C.M. and Czaja, A.D. (2012). Iron isotope fractionation in stromatolitic oncoidal iron formation, Mesoarchean Witwatersrand-Mozaan Basin, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 76(6), 2384.
Smith, A.J.B., Viljoen, K.S., Schouwstra, R., Roberts, J., Schalkwyk, C. and Gutzmer, J. (2010). The geometallurgical characterization of different Merensky Reef facies in the western limb of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica Abstracts Series, 6, 278.
Smith, A.J.B., Beukes, N.J., Gutzmer, J. & Cochrane, J.M. 2010: Evidence for dissimilatory manganese reduction and availability of free molecular oxygen during deposition of Mesoarchean Witwatersrand-Mozaan strata. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 74(12): A973.
Students - 90€Academia - 250€Industry - 450€
Discount for Academia will not be displayed in the registration. It will be deducted on the invoice.
The fees are inclusive of ice breaker event, coffee breaks and short course proceedings.
The ice breaker session will be held on December 1, 2019 at the Geoscientific collection, Brennhausgasse 14, 09599 Freiberg, top floor. It starts at 18.00hrs.